The Port of Dar Es Salaam, the second largest in East Africa after Mombasa, is one of the least efficient on the planet, hindering trade and economic expansion not just for Tanzania but also for neighboring landlocked countries. The cumulative delays at anchorage and dwell time can exceed 20 days, while international standards are around 3-4 days. In addition, official and non-official payments are high and prevalent.

Here’s Jack Morisset with Moret and Regolo in a World Bank Policy Note.

Today, about 90 percent of Tanzanian trade transits through the Port of Dar es Salaam. This port is also a hub for the international trade of East African landlocked countries such as Zambia, Uganda, DRC, Rwanda and Burundi with the rest of the world. But to what extent is the port of Dar Es Salaam efficient in moving goods in and out the country?

The performance of the Port of Dar es Salaam has varied over time. As a result of privatization in the 1990s, the port became one of the most efficient in Sub-Saharan Africa, but its performance deteriorated gradually up to mid-2000s and efficiency is now low despite renewed efforts of the port authorities to implement reforms

Is the Port of Mombasa much better? Here’s a nice comparison:

Indicators

Waiting time at anchorage

Cargo dwell time

Cost/price for shipping companies

Cost/price for shippers

Total cost

Days

Days

UDS per TEU

UDS per TEU

USD per Ton

Dar Es Salaam

Export

None

6

118.2

263.0

29.9

Import

10

10

118.2

366.8

38.1

Import transit

10

17

118.2

320.0

34.4

Mombasa

Export

0

4

128.9

150.0

21.9

Import

0

4

128.9

150.0

21.9

Import transit

0

9

128.9

150.0

20.5

 More here

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